Leys may be defined as lines of energy running over-ground in straight lines, often reflected in the paths of ancient trackways and subsequently Roman roads, and in alignments of prehistoric and historic sacred sites in the landscape. In modern times they were first described by Alfred Watkins in his 1925 book ‘The Old Straight Track’.

They carry Yang Qi relative to the Yin Qi of underground water and can be compared and contrasted with the more yin underground water lines as a yang energy matrix associated with a more heavenly consciousness. They are frequently worked by human ceremonial practice at sacred sites designed and constructed at key points in the landscape along these lines.

Leys through the Long Man of Wilmington, Sussex

These straight (at least over perhaps 60 miles with slight changes of path over longer distances, according to variations in map projection) spirit paths are found equally in China as elsewhere in the world, and frequently define the processional routes to major palaces, temples and cathedrals, as well as sites of temporal power, the world over.

Some of the largest Leys describe great circles through a series of important sites around the planet. Others have been dowsed as starting with an energy stream vertically down from the sky, then travelling across the country for perhaps a hundred miles before passing on down into the earth. They can vary from five yards to several hundred yards in width, with only the larger ones being particularly associated with ceremonial sites along their course.

Apollo Athena Ley Line

Perhaps the most famous Ley in Britain is the ‘Michael and Mary’ line, which runs across England from Hopton in Norfolk to St. Michael’s Mount in Cornwall, and thence right around the globe. Aligned to Beltane and Lughnasadh / Lammas sunrise, this was first rediscovered by Jean Richer and John Michell and subsequently described in more detail by Hamish Miller and Paul Broadhurst in “The Sun and the Serpent” (1989).

St Michael and St Mary Alignment Map

Twin underground telluric currents, known as the Michael and Mary lines after the number of churches dedicated to either Mary or St. Michael to be found along them, weave around the central overground mid-line. This reveals the primal ‘Caduceus’ pattern that can be found within all true Leys: a triple-fold axis composed of masculine, feminine, and spirit currents, which may be experienced by the practising Geomancer as containing information in the thinking, feeling and spirit realms respectively.

Michael and Mary Currents around Avebury
Michael and Mary Currents around Avebury

Just as with underground streams, Leys can be flowing clean, happy and healthy, or may carry traumatic information and stress, including disturbed spirits. If running stressed, the two outer edge lines become particularly charged and uncomfortable to be in, as are the central spirit mid-line and the masculine and feminine telluric currents.

Appropriate for sacred sites and healing centres, and local and regional centres of political power, these energy pathways can be less comfortable for secular living, and houses built on them can be a thoroughfare for all manner of spirits. Properties presenting spirit disturbances are often found to be crossed by one or more Leys, as well as having Sha underground water lines.

If the Ley is running clean, the residents will have an inspired spiritual and creative life; but distressed Leys are associated with hauntings, burglaries, and house fires, as well as odd cases of spontaneous human combustion; dens of nefarious purpose and corrupt political office may also be found along their paths.


Leys can be worked in a similar way to underground water lines via key points, either as part of a programme of regular maintenance for the spiritual hygiene of a land or as a specific therapeutic action. They may be experienced or dowsed as running either healthy or unhealthy. Clearing the local water lines will usually be necessary as well as direct work on the three Ley currents to clean the Ley locally, which should be enough to keep lower-astral entities away from the property.

Sometimes other nodal points on the lines, perhaps local church-yards or barrows, may also have to be visited in order to maintain continued spiritual hygiene, and cleansed of Sha in the water lines and perhaps of other troubled or troublesome spirits.


A distinction can be made between these dowsable energy Leys and ‘academic’ ley lines which can be found with a map and ruler as straight lines ostensibly connecting a number of ancient sites, but which carry no energy flow when dowsed on the ground.

Other types of straight lines may also be found in the landscape: A common type is exemplified by the radial garden design of the Palais de Versailles, and by the 41 lines radiating from the Sun Temple in the middle of Cuzco, central Peru, along which shrines, temples, graves, sacred hills, bridges and battlefields lie.

Cuzco, Peru
Cuzco, Peru
Versailles, Pierre Patel, 1668
Versailles, Pierre Patel, 1668

These lines are derived from the deliberate imposition of a geometrical design incorporating astronomical alignments (resonant with the central temple design) upon the landscape, as a vehicle for political-theocratic control of a nation. In Cuzco the pattern also interacts with the underground energy currents; in Washington, D.C., a Masonically-inspired geometrical design has been placed without reference to the underground patterns; whereas in Canberra a similar idea has united Heavenly and Earthly components more successfully.

Celtic Gaul was arranged along the same principles by the druids, and the Greenwich meridian tells a similar story.

Celtic Geometry
Source: Ancient Paths by Graham Robb

Others are represented by lines of one or other of the global geomagnetic grids, and the ‘Second Schneider Grid’ is especially associated with the paths of Roman roads in Europe.